美国专利那些事儿

link on JianShu

ReadHub上看到这样两条记录——

搜索对照了一下原文,Sina的标题起得好,对文章进行了编译,腾讯比较忠实地翻译了原文 IBM称霸27年华为第10 US patents hit record 333,530 granted in 2019; IBM, Samsung (not the FAANGs) lead the pack 英文标题意思是专利最多的并不是赚钱最多的那几家格式 FAANG group(FacebookAmazonAppleNetflix and Google)

2019增长最快的七家公司

  • Kia Motors – jumps 58 places to #41
  • Hewlett Packard Enterprise – jumps 28 places to #48
  • Facebook – up 22 places to #36
  • Micron Technology – up 9 places to #25
  • Huawei – up 6 places to #10
  • BOE Technology – up 4 places to #13
  • Microsoft – up 3 places to #4

完整榜单——

2019年获得专利最多的100家公司:

2019 Top 50 US Patent Assignees

Organization Country 2019 Grants 2018 Grants %Change RankChange
1 International Business Machines Corp United States of America 9,262 9,100 2 0
2 Samsung Electronics Co Ltd Korea (South) 6,469 5,850 11 0
3 Canon Inc Japan 3,548 3,056 16 0
4 Microsoft Technology Licensing LLC United States of America 3,081 2,353 31 3
5 Intel Corp United States of America 3,020 2,735 10 -1
6 LG Electronics Inc Korea (South) 2,805 2,474 14 -1
7 Apple Inc United States of America 2,490 2,160 15 2
8 Ford Global Technologies LLC United States of America 2,468 2,123 16 2
9 Amazon Technologies Inc United States of America 2,427 2,035 19 3
10 Huawei Technologies Co Ltd China 2,418 1,680 44 6
11 Qualcomm Inc United States of America 2,348 2,300 2 -3
12 Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co TSMC Ltd Taiwan 2,331 2,465 -5 -6
13 BOE Technology Group Co Ltd China 2,177 1,634 33 4
14 Sony Corp Japan 2,142 1,688 27 1
15 Google LLC United States of America 2,102 2,070 2 -4
16 Toyota Motor Corp Japan 2,034 1,959 4 -3
17 Samsung Display Co Ltd Korea (South) 1,946 1,948 0 -3
18 General Electric Co United States of America 1,818 1,597 14 0
19 Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB Sweden 1,607 1,353 19 1
20 Hyundai Motor Co Korea (South) 1,504 1,369 10 -1
21 Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co Ltd Japan 1,387 1,254 11 1
22 Boeing Co United States of America 1,383 1,227 13 1
23 Seiko Epson Corp Japan 1,345 1,285 5 -2
24 GM Global Technology Operations LLC United States of America 1,285 1,046 23 3
25 Micron Technology Inc United States of America 1,268 924 37 9
26 United Technologies Corp United States of America 1,252 1,011 24 4
27 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Japan 1,244 1,106 13 -2
28 Toshiba Corp Japan 1,170 1,104 6 -2
29 AT&T Intellectual Property I LP United States of America 1,158 985 18 3
30 Robert Bosch GmbH Germany 1,107 1,136 -3 -6
31 Honda Motor Co Ltd Japan 1,080 926 17 2
32 Denso Corp Japan 1,052 1,003 5 -1
33 Cisco Technology Inc United States of America 1,050 848 24 4
34 Halliburton Energy Services Inc United States of America 1,020 807 26 5
35 Fujitsu Ltd Japan 1,008 1,038 -3 -6
36 Facebook Inc United States of America 989 602 64 22
37 Ricoh Co Ltd Japan 980 1,043 -6 -9
38 Koninklijke Philips NV Netherlands 973 844 15 0
39 EMC IP Holding Co LLC United States of America 926 801 16 1
40 NEC Corp Japan 923 715 29 5
41 Kia Motors Corp Korea (South) 921 349 164 55
42 Texas Instruments Inc United States of America 894 785 14 0
43 LG Display Co Ltd Korea (South) 865 681 27 5
44 Oracle International Corp United States of America 847 685 24 3
45 Murata Manufacturing Co Ltd Japan 842 743 13 -1
46 Sharp Corp Japan 819 643 27 5
47 SK Hynix Inc Korea (South) 798 801 0 -6
48 Hewlett Packard Enterprise Development LP United States of America 794 428 86 28
49 Fujifilm Corp Japan 791 658 21 1
50 LG Chem Ltd Korea (South) 791 621 28 4
51 Brother Industries Ltd Japan 782 612 28 6
52 Hewlett Packard Development Co LP United States of America 770 545 41 14
53 Siemens AG Germany 725 870 -17 -17
54 Toshiba Memory Corp Japan 725 700 4 -8
55 Honeywell International Inc United States of America 702 749 -6 -12
56 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co Ltd Japan 700 870 -20 -21
57 Dell Products LP United States of America 699 668 5 -8
58 University of California United States of America 696 576 21 4
59 Japan Display Inc Japan 684 614 11 -4
60 FANUC Corp Japan 665 388 71 28
61 Olympus Corp Japan 636 600 6 -2
62 Infineon Technologies AG Germany 632 614 3 -6
63 Applied Materials Inc United States of America 626 478 31 6
64 Capital One Services LLC United States of America 617 162 281 149
65 Konica Minolta Inc Japan 612 589 4 -5
66 GlobalFoundries Inc Cayman Islands 597 635 -6 -14
67 Kyocera Document Solutions Inc Japan 592 587 1 -6
68 Covidien LP United States of America 592 550 8 -3
69 Schlumberger Technology Corp United States of America 592 350 69 26
70 Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute Korea (South) 588 514 14 -2
71 3M Innovative Properties Co United States of America 585 564 4 -7
72 SAP SE Germany 584 388 51 15
73 Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co Ltd China 550 623 -12 -20
74 Fuji Xerox Co Ltd Japan 544 524 4 -7
75 Renesas Electronics Corp Japan 516 566 -9 -12
76 Hitachi Ltd Japan 506 411 23 4
77 Saudi Arabian Oil Co Saudi Arabia 501 291 72 48
78 Sumitomo Electric Industries Ltd Japan 495 327 51 27
79 Adobe Inc United States of America 479 343 40 20
80 Procter and Gamble Co United States of America 469 451 4 -10
81 Intel IP Corp United States of America 467 447 4 -10
82 Nike Inc United States of America 466 386 21 7
83 Baker Hughes Inc United States of America 460 434 6 -8
84 Kyocera Corp Japan 459 440 4 -11
85 Ethicon LLC United States of America 458 239 92 58
86 VMware Inc United States of America 456 323 41 22
87 Commissariat a lEnergie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives France 435 437 0 -13
88 Monsanto Technology LLC United States of America 434 406 7 -7
89 Nokia Technologies Oy Finland 428 417 3 -11
90 Samsung Electro Mechanics Co Ltd Korea (South) 417 329 27 14
91 Siemens Healthcare GmbH Germany 416 173 140 109
92 Tencent Technology Shenzhen Co Ltd China 416 320 30 17
93 Walmart Apollo LLC United States of America 414 131 216 192
94 Bank of America Corp United States of America 414 318 30 17
95 BASF SE Germany 411 367 12 -2
96 FutureWei Technologies Inc United States of America 409 351 17 -2
97 Tokyo Electron Ltd Japan 409 380 8 -6
98 Western Digital Technologies Inc United States of America 407 304 34 17
99 LG Innotek Co Ltd Korea (South) 402 422 -5 -22
100 Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States of America 401 348 15 -3

2019年获得专利最多的企业集团:

IFI 250: Largest Global Patent Holders |Rank|Ultimate Owner|Active Families| |———|———|———| |1|Samsung Electronics Co Ltd|76,638| |2|International Business Machines Corp|37,304| |3|Canon Inc|35,724| |4|General Electric Co|30,010| |5|Microsoft Corp|29,824| |6|Robert Bosch GmbH|28,285| |7|Panasonic Corp|27,298| |8|Siemens AG|25,320| |9|Intel Corp|24,628| |10|LG Electronics Inc|23,043| |11|Hon Hai Precision Industry Co Ltd|21,522| |12|Qualcomm Inc|21,255| |13|Sony Corp|21,167| |14|Alphabet Inc|21,084| |15|Toyota Motor Corp|20,814| |16|Nokia Oyj|20,492| |17|Fujifilm Holdings Corp|18,538| |18|General Motors Co|17,778| |19|Fujitsu Ltd|17,564| |20|Hitachi Ltd|17,329| |21|Ford Motor Co|16,942| |22|United Technologies Corp|16,926| |23|Volkswagen AG|16,470| |24|Broadcom Inc|15,135| |25|Honda Motor Co Ltd|15,072| |26|Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB|14,878| |27|Apple Inc|14,849| |28|Seiko Epson Corp|14,377| |29|Huawei Investment and Holding Co Ltd|14,315| |30|Toshiba Corp|14,201| |31|Honeywell International Inc|13,892| |32|HP Inc|13,673| |33|Ricoh Co Ltd|13,321| |34|Dell Technologies Inc|13,313| |35|Oracle Corp|13,254| |36|Texas Instruments Inc|13,253| |37|Denso Corp|13,120| |38|Mitsubishi Electric Corp|13,062| |39|Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co TSMC Ltd|12,792| |40|Koninklijke Philips NV|12,474| |41|Medtronic PLC|12,400| |42|Johnson and Johnson|12,226| |43|Cisco Systems Inc|11,498| |44|Continental AG|11,195| |45|BASF SE|10,987| |46|Boeing Co|10,897| |47|Brother Industries Ltd|10,163| |48|NEC Corp|10,152| |49|Infineon Technologies AG|9,854| |50|Airbus SE|9,741| |51|Bayer AG|9,654| |52|Amazon com Inc|9,455| |53|GlobalFoundries Inc|9,426| |54|BlackBerry Ltd|9,379| |55|NXP Semiconductors BV|9,328| |56|Xerox Holdings Corp|9,276| |57|Procter and Gamble Co|8,950| |58|Western Digital Corp|8,927| |59|Valeo SA|8,913| |60|Kyocera Corp|8,769| |61|STMicroelectronics NV|8,630| |62|LG Display Co Ltd|8,523| |63|Hyundai Motor Co|8,495| |64|Safran SA|8,332| |65|3M Co|8,306| |66|Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co|8,125| |67|AT&T Inc|8,106| |68|SK Hynix Inc|7,934| |69|Olympus Corp|7,924| |70|Micron Technology Inc|7,488| |71|National Research Council of Science and Technology|7,426| |72|Schlumberger Ltd|7,412| |73|Konica Minolta Inc|7,366| |74|BOE Technology Group Co Ltd|7,236| |75|Renesas Electronics Corp|7,002| |76|Corteva Inc|6,856| |77|Nike Inc|6,787| |78|Halliburton Co|6,638| |79|Dow Inc|6,532| |80|Boston Scientific Corp|6,519| |81|Sumitomo Electric Industries Ltd|6,466| |82|Lenovo Group Ltd|6,379| |83|Abbott Laboratories|6,265| |84|Commissariat a lEnergie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives|6,120| |85|Murata Manufacturing Co Ltd|6,116| |86|Nissan Motor Co Ltd|6,096| |87|Peugeot SA|6,046| |88|TDK Corp|5,939| |89|Roche Holding AG|5,732| |90|Verizon Communications Inc|5,656| |91|Caterpillar Inc|5,622| |92|Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co Ltd|5,586| |93|Thales SA|5,500| |94|Kioxia Corp|5,285| |95|Schaeffler AG|5,172| |96|ZF Friedrichshafen AG|5,152| |97|LOreal SA|5,116| |98|Applied Materials Inc|5,079| |99|TCL Corp|4,886| |100|Bayerische Motoren Werke AG|4,855| |101|Renault SAS|4,851| |102|University of California|4,841| |103|MediaTek Inc|4,826| |104|Industrial Technology Research Institute|4,783| |105|LG Chem Ltd|4,759| |106|Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Forderung der Angewandten Forschung eV|4,720| |107|Aisin Seiki Co Ltd|4,708| |108|ZTE Corp|4,568| |109|Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS|4,560| |110|Eaton Corp PLC|4,553| |111|Illinois Tool Works Inc|4,518| |112|Bridgestone Corp|4,498| |113|Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd|4,451| |114|Tokyo Electron Ltd|4,416| |115|Seagate Technology PLC|4,376| |116|Corning Inc|4,374| |117|Deere and Co|4,370| |118|Raytheon Co|4,350| |119|Rolls Royce Holdings PLC|4,340| |120|Exxon Mobil Corp|4,327| |121|Novartis AG|4,265| |122|Marvell Technology Group Ltd|4,197| |123|Berkshire Hathaway Inc|4,191| |124|Samsung SDI Co Ltd|4,174| |125|Stanley Black and Decker Inc|3,921| |126|Emerson Electric Co|3,919| |127|Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corp|3,860| |128|Danaher Corp|3,834| |129|Yazaki Corp|3,829| |130|Saudi Arabian Oil Co|3,770| |131|Facebook Inc|3,716| |132|Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc|3,658| |133|Becton Dickinson and Co|3,650| |134|Merck KGaA|3,541| |135|InterDigital Inc|3,515| |136|Unilever PLC|3,471| |137|Sanofi SA|3,469| |138|Shin Etsu Chemical Co Ltd|3,441| |139|Henkel AG and Co KGaA|3,336| |140|Compagnie Generale des Etablissements Michelin SCA|3,283| |141|Adobe Inc|3,261| |142|Motorola Solutions Inc|3,246| |143|Lockheed Martin Corp|3,240| |144|Evonik Industries AG|3,237| |145|Faurecia SA|3,203| |146|Japan Display Inc|3,201| |147|Mahle GmbH|3,176| |148|Nvidia Corp|3,135| |149|Yamaha Motor Co Ltd|3,086| |150|Signify NV|3,067| |151|Sumitomo Rubber Industries Ltd|3,026| |152|Nikon Corp|2,990| |153|Merck and Co Inc|2,969| |154|Daimler AG|2,965| |155|Nippon Steel Corp|2,952| |156|Sumitomo Chemical Co Ltd|2,932| |157|Aptiv PLC|2,931| |158|Eastman Kodak Co|2,927| |159|Whirlpool Corp|2,910| |160|Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV|2,889| |161|US Secretary of Navy|2,871| |162|Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings Corp|2,773| |163|LG Innotek Co Ltd|2,732| |164|Nestle SA|2,654| |165|Massachusetts Institute of Technology|2,526| |166|Bristol Myers Squibb Co|2,490| |167|FANUC Corp|2,490| |168|Daikin Industries Ltd|2,472| |169|Kimberly Clark Corp|2,465| |170|Air Liquide SA|2,441| |171|Electrolux AB|2,416| |172|JTEKT Corp|2,396| |173|Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co|2,389| |174|Omron Corp|2,367| |175|Pfizer Inc|2,357| |176|Zimmer Biomet Holdings Inc|2,345| |177|GlaxoSmithKline PLC|2,316| |178|Quarterhill Inc|2,314| |179|Samsung Electro Mechanics Co Ltd|2,307| |180|Colgate Palmolive Co|2,282| |181|Syngenta AG|2,263| |182|SEB SA|2,254| |183|CH Boehringer Sohn AG and Co KG|2,235| |184|Fuji Electric Co Ltd|2,212| |185|Bank of America Corp|2,126| |186|Kao Corp|2,101| |187|NGK Insulators Ltd|2,097| |188|International Game Technology PLC|2,086| |189|Walt Disney Co|2,077| |190|Chevron Corp|2,042| |191|Nitto Denko Corp|2,039| |192|Technicolor SA|2,015| |193|Yamaha Corp|2,005| |194|IFP Energies Nouvelles IFPEN|2,001| |195|Shimano Inc|1,992| |196|Asahi Kasei Corp|1,971| |197|Royal Dutch Shell PLC|1,968| |198|Innolux Corp|1,952| |199|DuPont de Nemours Inc|1,932| |200|Ningbo Joyson Electronic Corp|1,913| |201|Arkema SA|1,909| |202|Ecolab Inc|1,883| |203|Covestro AG|1,809| |204|Orange SA|1,796| |205|Alps Alpine Co Ltd|1,778| |206|Tencent Holdings Ltd|1,769| |207|Nuance Communications Inc|1,737| |208|Toray Industries Inc|1,730| |209|Hoya Corp|1,728| |210|NTN Corp|1,725| |211|AGC Inc|1,715| |212|Koninklijke DSM NV|1,685| |213|Accenture PLC|1,668| |214|Leland Stanford Junior University|1,660| |215|Voith GmbH and Co KGaA|1,644| |216|Cypress Semiconductor Corp|1,630| |217|Linde PLC|1,568| |218|Toyota Industries Corp|1,567| |219|Krones AG|1,528| |220|Fortive Corp|1,507| |221|Mazda Motor Corp|1,485| |222|Takeda Pharmaceutical Co Ltd|1,480| |223|Allergan PLC|1,454| |224|Agilent Technologies Inc|1,442| |225|NGK Spark Plug Co Ltd|1,428| |226|Toyoda Gosei Co Ltd|1,424| |227|MinebeaMitsumi Inc|1,422| |228|Weybourne Group Ltd|1,404| |229|Chinese Academy of Sciences|1,370| |230|JFE Holdings Inc|1,367| |231|AstraZeneca PLC|1,347| |232|Mitsui Chemicals Inc|1,305| |233|Idemia Group SAS|1,301| |234|JXTG Holdings Inc|1,280| |235|Karl Storz SE and Co KG|1,261| |236|Rheinmetall AG|1,256| |237|Micro Focus International PLC|1,252| |238|Pepsico Inc|1,229| |239|Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Ltd|1,225| |240|AbbVie Inc|1,211| |241|Comcast Corp|1,201| |242|Dover Corp|1,183| |243|Essity AB|1,149| |244|Maxell Holdings Ltd|1,127| |245|Bruker Corp|1,095| |246|Target Corp|1,080| |247|Cardinal Health Inc|1,066| |248|DISH Network Corp|1,056| |249|BT Group PLC|1,055| |250|Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Co Inc|1,028|


这些专利信息数据都来自这家公司Information for Industry, Inc. IFI,google的专利搜索使用的基础数据也由这家公司提供。

IFI CLAIMS Patent Services于1955年以Information for Industry, Inc. (IFI)之名成立。电子数据和专有搜索软件最早于20世纪60年代问世,重点是化学专利信息。当时,IFI制作了美国第一个化学专利深度索引-Uniterm Index,平均为每个美国专利分配20到25个关键词。Uniterm Index最初是以印刷的双字典格式提供的。1967年,IFI开始以电子形式提供Uniterm index,并配有专有搜索软件供公司信息部门内部使用。

20世纪70年代,IFI的美国专利数据库进入了交互式在线搜索领域,成为Lockheed的Dialog Information Services提供的第一个专利数据库。IFI继续扩大其美国专利内容的深度和广度,包括所有专利技术、专利引用、法律状态变化、再转让和公布的申请。分销渠道也进行了扩展,将STN International和Questel包括在内。

数据扩充技术提供商Fairview Research于2010年从Wolters Kluwer手中收购了IFI CLAIMS,并扩大了业务范围,将所有行业的全球专利信息的高价值数据管理服务包括在内。

注册为网站用户后,还可以查看top1000


其他提供专利服务的机构——

美国专利商标局(USPTO) 欧洲专利局(EPO) 世界知识产权组织 (WIPO) 中国国家知识产权局 (SIPO)


 
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