# Setup-Selenium-with-ChromeDriver-on-Ubuntu-18-04

https://stackoverflow.com/a/34343755/1087122

Selenium is only a library, and as such it does not particularly care if you are running it on a system that is equipped with a GUI. What you are probably asking is: If I use Selenium to open a browser, is that browser going to work on a system with no GUI. The answer to this is: it depends!

There are headless browsers: browsers that also do not have a GUI component. HtmlUnit is packaged with Selenium. Another popular browser is PhantomJS, which has third-party Selenium bindings library called GhostDriver. Personally I would avoid both of these! HtmlUnit uses a JavaScript engine that none of the current desktop browsers support, and as such the tests are not very reliable. GhostDriver has not been maintained for 2 years, and as such also makes for unreliable results. PahntomJS is definitely an option, as it uses WebKit - the engine that is in Safari and Chrome browsers, but you would have to write your own API.

Most systems will allow you to have a virtual GUI. You mentioned Ubuntu, which is a Debian derivative. There are several tutorials on the Net that tell you how to install Xvfb, most of which are incomplete or wrong. On a Debian you install a headless browser like this:

1. Install Xvfb: apt-get install xvfb
2. Install a browser. Assuming you are using a Debian server, you will not be able to install something like Firefox with apt-get, because the repositories are not present. Instead Google something like “Firefox off-line install”, or whatever browser you want to use, and then use wget on your server to grab the package.
3. Unpack the package somewhere like /usr/local/lib, and then create a soft link from /usr/local/bin to the binary that launches the browser.
4. Now try launching your browser headless. For example, for Firefox you would try: xvfb-run firefox. This may produce some errors, which you have to fix. In my case, I was missing the library libdbus-glib-1-2 which I could install just using apt-get.
5. At this point you will need to launch Xvfb before running your Selenium tests. Most CI servers have a plugin for Xvfb, or you can do it from the command line: Xvfb :99 &. See the docs for additional information.

https://my.oschina.net/zjzhai/blog/295288

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y unzip xvfb libxi6 libgconf-2-4


### 独立在server端安装chrome

wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb


### 下载对应端chromedriver

mv chromedriver /usr/bin/chromedriver

chromedriver --version


google-chrome --headless --disable-gpu --screenshot https://www.baidu.com/
[0226/113854.465613:ERROR:zygote_host_impl_linux.cc(89)] Running as root without --no-sandbox is not supported. See https://crbug.com/638180.


System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "/usr/bin/chromedriver");
ChromeOptions chromeOptions = new ChromeOptions();

WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver(chromeOptions);

driver.get("https://www.baidu.com");